题目:Origin of Goods and The Distributional Effect of Trade Liberalization




摘要:This paper introduces origin of goods into a standard framework of welfare evaluation to estimate the unequal consumer welfare gains from trade liberalization across households. Our framework explicitly distinguishes between imported, domestic, and home-produced goods and allow heterogeneous tariff pass-through rates across origins. We apply the framework to a unique household dataset in Cambodia that report household’s expenditure on each disaggregated good from each origin. The first-order impacts of tariff reduction during 2004-2019 demonstrate a strong pro-rich bias, with households at the 80-90 income percentile gain 40% more than those at the 0-10 percentile. This pro-rich rich bias is mainly driven by richer households’ higher expenditure shares on imported goods and lower shares on home-produced goods, as well as the larger tariff pass-through of imported goods compared with domestic goods. We show that being able to distinguish origins significantly magnifies the estimated pro-rich bias of trade liberalization. We also analyze why richer households have higher expenditure shares on imported goods, and show that these expenditure patterns are consistent with recent theories of international trade with non-homothetic preferences. Based on our analysis, we argue that the pro-rich consumer gains from trade liberalization may be a systematic feature for developing countries.

个人简介:戴觅,北京师范大学经济与工商管理学院教授,入选国家级人才项目,北京大学经济学博士。主要研究方向为国际贸易与发展经济学。学术成果发表于 Journal of International Economics, Journal of Development Economics, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization、《管理世界》、《经济学(季刊)》、《世界经济》等国内外学术期刊。曾获教育部高校人文社会科学研究优秀成果奖、安子介国际贸易优秀论文奖、浦山世界经济学优秀论文奖、北京市高等教育教学成果奖、北京师范大学彭年杰出青年教师奖等科研和教学奖励。